Harar Water Supply & Sanitation Project
Last Updated on Monday, 29 November 1999 19:00 Written by Admin1 Tuesday, 04 May 2010 13:47
Source African Development Bank
- Reference: P-ET-E00-005
- Approval date: 04/09/2002
- Start date: 16/04/2004
- Appraisal Date: 09/03/2002
- Status: OngoingOnGo
- Implementing Agency: MINISTRY OF WATER RESOURCES
- Country: Ethiopia
- Location: Harar, Alemeya, Awudai, Adele and Degego
- Sector: Water Supply & Sanitation
The project will consist of the following components:
1. The project consists of the following main components:
2Water Production: This will consist of the following outputs: Four additional boreholes in the Dire Jara wellfield, a 75 km long, 600 mm diameter ductile iron transmission pipeline, and introduction of an aquifer monitoring system. The Dire Jara wellfield consists of 12 new boreholes which have already been developed with a capacity of 200 l/s. The additional boreholes with a capacity of 68 l/s will be constructed at the wellfield increasing production capacity to 268 l/s. All the boreholes will be connected to a 2000 m3 Collector Reservoir from which the transmission pipeline will transfer the water to Harar and the other towns raising it about 840 m via 4 booster pumping stations to a 4000 m3 reservoir at the highest point in Dengego. Pump houses, staff houses and administrative buildings and access roads will also be constructed at the wellfield and the booster stations. A pipeline from the wellfield to Dire Jara will serve the villagers with one of the boreholes. Equipment and chemicals for groundwater monitoring will also be provided.
3Water Distribution: The main outputs of the component are the rehabilitation and extension of 115 km of distribution network with a number of service reservoirs and break pressure tanks, 47 public fountains, and provision of 4000 consumer meters and a meter test bench. The activities include the replacement of the distribution network in Jegol, and its extension to other parts of Harar, Alemaya and Awudai. Service reservoirs or break pressure tanks will be provided in each distribution zone. In addition 47 community managed public fountains will be constructed for low-income consumers and 4000 consumer meters provided for new house connections. A meter test bench and meter repair kits as well as plant and equipment and spare parts for operation and maintenance will be provided.
4Sanitation: This component will have the following outputs: 3 public latrines and 35 community managed communal latrines, 2 large and 1 small vacuum tanker, 2 refuse collection vehicles, and 35 refuse bins (transfer containers), 12.2 km of drainage system, and sanitation study report. The 3 public latrines and 35 community managed communal latrines will be constructed in different parts of Harar, Alemaya, Awudai, Adele and Dengego in locations identified by the communities. A drainage system consisting of 2.2 km of open channels and 10 km of closed conduits will be constructed in Harar. The 2 large and 1 small vacuum tanker will be provided for emptying septic tanks and soakaways and pit latrines in the towns. The small tanker will serve the narrow streets of Jegol while the large tankers will serve the rest of the towns. In addition, a sullage system is being implemented in Jegol with funding from the ESRDF, which will serve to evacuate the increased quantities of water flowing into Harar. The 35 refuse transfer containers and 2 refuse collection vehicles will serve to improve the solid waste management system.
5The project will also fund a sanitation study which will determine the feasibility of converting the sullage system into a small-bore shallow sewerage system for Jegol and the rest of Harar as well as address the sanitation problems for the medium and long-term. The study will also determine feasible options for an improved solid waste management system, which will include the development of a proper dumpsite as well as look into the feasibility of community waste recycling as a means of livelihood.
6Public Education: The outputs of the component are increased awareness of water and health relations, HIV/AIDS and acceptance of the tariff increases. The activities include the use of the media, seminars, workshops, development and wide dissemination of publicity materials, etc, to raise awareness about water quality and health, water related diseases, HIV AIDS, and the need to raise tariffs in the town to meet the high cost of the proposed water supply system. It will be conducted by the Information and Health Bureaus of the Harari Regional Government.
7Institutional Support to HTWSSSA: The outputs are a better managed utility operating on commercial lines, with improved customer database, regular monthly billing, improved revenue collection to 90% of billing, and reduction of unaccounted for water to 18%. HTWSSSA will be provided with technical assistance in the areas of utility management, operation and maintenance, commercial and financial management. The civil works contractor and supervision consultant will provide the required operation and maintenance manuals and training in their use and operation and maintenance management in general. In addition experts will be recruited from a firm of water utility operators to assist HTWSSSA to put in place the proposed institutional structure, recruitment of the required additional staff, development of manuals for and training of the staff in various aspects of utility management, commercial and financial management and in the use of appropriate computer software and hardware.
To improve access to water supply and sanitation services in Harar, Alemaya, Awudai, Adele and Dengego through improved water production, distribution and sanitation for improved health, poverty alleviation and economic growth.
The project will restore water supply to meet domestic and industrial demand in Harar, Alemaya and Awudai to the year 2024 and improve the sanitation situation in the towns. This will reduce the incidence of water related diseases and the proportion of the health budget and family income used to treat such diseases as well as the time lost due to illness from such diseases. The time spent by women and children collecting water will reduce as well as school absenteism by girls.
The project will make it possible for a number of industries to be established in Harar, which are presently prevented from doing so by the lack of water. This will create jobs and improve the economic situation in the area.